The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 recognizes the importance of a multi-hazard approach to disaster risk reduction and makes explicit reference to promoting real-time access to reliable data making use of space and in situ information under Priority for Action 1, “Understanding disaster risk”. Such access is key to developing an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions including exposure of persons and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. This knowledge can be leveraged for risk assessments, and improved planning and preparedness.
The use of space-based technologies and Earth observation, especially because of their contribution to understanding risks, are essential elements in developing evidence-informed national and local disaster risk reduction strategies. Under its Target E, the Sendai Framework calls on United Nations Member States to substantially “increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk…more