The UN-SPIDER Regional Support Office (RSO) in Indonesia is hosted by the Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN). It was established on 19 February 2013 during the fiftieth session of the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space in Vienna, Austria. LAPAN has implemented several projects in the field of disaster management and emergency response such as flood, drought, fire hotspots, and climate monitoring or prediction, as well as the assessment of tsunamis, earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. As an RSO, LAPAN will continue to provide experts for UN-SPIDER's Technical Advisory Support to countries within the region and to contribute to capacity building efforts in the region.
- Fundamental of Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing.
- Remote sensing applications for environmental (forest degradation, oil spill, water pollution, etc) and disaster (drought, flood, landslide, forest fire, volcanic eruption, tsunami).
- Advance Remote Sensing (SAR processing and analysis).
RSO-LAPAN has more than 60 scientists and 19 engineers that are responsible for conducting all phases of remote sensing operations including data acquisition, data processing, and data analysis including GIS analysis. Team members are highly experienced in various Remote Sensing applications, such as disaster mitigation, vulnerability and risk assessment for disaster, climate change modelling, environmental monitoring or natural resources monitoring.
Facilities and Infrastructure
- Remote Sensing Ground Station in Pare-pare (South Sulawesi) and Jakarta receiving Landsat-7, Terra/Aqua MODIS, SPOT-4, NOAA and FengYun 1D. In 2013, LAPAN upgraded the ground station system to receive NPP/NPOES, LDCM, SPOT-5/6, and SAR data. LAPAN also has Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology for airborne Remote Sensing, which can be used to monitor the disaster area to support the reconstruction and rehabilitation activities.
- Remote Sensing and GIS software both open source (ILWIS, Quantum GIS, Open Grads) and licensed (ArcGIS10, ER Mapper, Erdas Imagine, E-cognition) are available and commonly used in LAPAN
- Low spatial resolution image such as MTSAT, TRMM, QMORPH, etc.
- NOAA AVHRR
- Landsat-4 Level 1-G
- Landsat-5 Level 1-G
- Landsat-7 Level 1-G
- High Resolution Data: ALOS PRISM (877 scenes), IKONOS (203 scenes), QUICKBIRD (341 scenes), WORLDVIEW (58 scenes), SPOT-5 (68 scenes), SPOT-6 (7 scenes).
- Archived MODIS imagery of Browse catalogue
- Archived SPOT imagery of Browse catalogue
- All daily acquired imagery of NOAA-AVHRR, TERRA-MODIS, FengYun 1D, and MTSAT through the local ground receiving stations.
- Available space-based information including disaster information
LAPAN is a non-ministerial governmental institution which is stationed under and assumes responsibility to the President of the Republic of Indonesia. In conducting its tasks, it is coordinated by a minister responsible for research and technology. On the national level, LAPAN has legal authorization from the President of the Republic of Indonesia as the national space agency which listed in INPRES No. 6/2012 on the Provision, Use, Quality Control, Processing and Distribution of High-Resolution Remote Sensing Satellite Data. In order to support disaster information using Remote Sensing satellite data, LAPAN coordinates with the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB).
LAPAN is led by a Chairman, supported by a prime secretary and three deputies, i.e., Deputy Chairman of Space Technology Affairs, Deputy Chairman of Space Science, Assessment and Information Affairs, and Deputy Chairman of Remote Sensing Affairs.
LAPAN's main task and function are to conduct the government task in space research, development and applications according to the prevailing laws.