International charter activated for cyclone Enawo in Madagascar

Image courtesy of UNITAR/CSA.
Cyclone Enawo made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar on 7 March 2017. This cyclone is one of the strongest to hit the island in last 13 years, with winds in excess of 231 km/h. The emergency services are warning of dangerous flash flooding and mudslides. So far, there have been power outages and nearly 10,000 people have been evacuated. Aid organizations are warning that more than 700,000 people could be affected by the storm. The International Charter was activated on 6 March 2017 on a request made by United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR).


Publishing Date: 

Sat, 11/03/2017 - 05:10

Madagascar: International Charter activated for widespread floods

Image of Madagascar acquired by Envisat's Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) instrument on 30 June 2009

On 18 January 2015, the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated in Madagascar in response to heavy rainfall resulting in widespread flooding.

The activation of the mechanism to provide satellite-based resources free of charge was requested by the Direction Générale de la Sécurité Civile et de la Gestion des Crises (COGIC) on behalf of the Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNGRC) of Madagascar.


Publishing Date: 

Tue, 20/01/2015 - 14:51

International Charter activated for Cyclone in Madagascar

Cyclone Haruna over Madagascar seen by NASA’s Aqua satellite.

On 23 February 2013, the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters" was activated to provide satellite imagery and maps for responders to Cyclone Haruna. Haruna had had struck southwest Madagascar on Friday 22 February 2013. The Cyclone had made landfall as a Category 2 storm with wind speeds of up to 105 mph. The storm fuelled itself over Mozambique with gusty wind speeds of up to 95mph as it headed towards the island of Madagascar.


Publishing Date: 

Mon, 25/02/2013 - 11:17

Madagascar - Expert Mission

Within the project “Providing Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technical support for Disaster Risk Reduction programs implemented by DIPECHO partners in the South East African and South West Indian Ocean region”, UN-SPIDER, together with the Italian-based NGO Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) and the Geoinformatic Centre from the University of Salzburg (Z-GIS) carried out a mission to Antananarivo, Madagascar in November 2010 with the aim of conducting a national seminar.


Tue, 09/11/2010 to Thu, 11/11/2010

Host Institution: 



Mission Expert: 

Jörg Szarzynski, UN-SPIDER

Mission Profile: 

The mission included a national seminar that provided a general overview regarding space-based information, UN-SPIDER’s role and existing international mechanisms such as the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters. The seminar focused on practical application of GIS and EO tools to address disaster preparedness and response planning. The national seminar brought together delegations from Madagascar and the Comores Island. Participants represented government institutions (National Bureau for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC), Bureau for Prevention and Emergency Response (CPGU), The Emergency Operations Center of the Civil Protection (COSEP), the Geographic and Hydrographic National Institute (FTM), and the National Meteorology Department of Madagascar), NGOs (COOPI, CARE, MDM, Medair, ICCO, RTM), the European Union, GTZ and various organizations of the United Nations.

Mission Outcome: 

The mission allowed UN-SPIDER to become aware of the technical capacity available in Madagascar and the Comores Island in the areas of disaster-risk management and emergency response. Representatives of these ministries, institutions and NGOs were made aware of the UN-SPIDER programme and its activities, of potential areas where space-based technology and information could play a greater role and on the type of support that the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters can provide.

UN-SPIDER Newsletter January 2011

Issue Date: 

Fri, 28/01/2011

In this issue:



  • UN-SPIDER office in Beijing opened
  • University of West Indies hosts new Regional Support Office

Technical Advisory Support:

  • Technical Advisory Mission to Guatemala
  • Seminars in Malawi and Madagascar


  • DLR about the International Charter Space and Major Disasters and about enhancing global cooperation in satellite-based emergency mapping



November 2010

Issue Date: 

Fri, 03/12/2010



Cyclone Fanele hits Madagascar and stalls existing reconstruction work

MENABE REGION, Madagascar, 28 January 2009

– The southern part of Madagascar has been brutally affected by Cyclone Fanele, which hit the island in the early hours of 21 January. A recent World Health Organization assessment notes that over 20,500 people have been affected by Fanele and Tropical Storm Eric, which arrived on the 19th.


Madagascar: Tropical storm Eric and cyclone Fanele

Madagascar: Tropical storm Eric and cyclone Fanele hit the country on 19th of January 2009. A total of 20,555 people are affected with 4,004 left homeless. Ten people are reported dead and 36 wounded. The available data indicated the destruction of 5 health centres and 2 hospitals in Menabe region. WHO is supporting the Initial rapid Assessment with government and partners as well as response activities.

Source: WHO (World Health Organization)


Madagascar: Cyclone damage becomes clear

ANTANANARIVO, 23 January 2009 (IRIN)

New figures from Madagascar's National Office for Natural Disasters Preparedness (BNGRC) indicate that cyclone Fanele claimed eight lives and affected some 40,400 people.


Madagascar: Buildings have been leveled in Morondava


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