International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, ISDR
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The third session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is gearing up as planning begins in earnest. The 2009 session witnessed a dramatic increase in political will to manage disaster risk compared to the first session in 2007. Many tools and successful pilot projects exist. But the main challenge is to scale up these actions and systematically modify development programmes and budgeting to reduce the risk in all sectors. The context of increasing urban risk and depleted ecosystems, coupled with the role of local governments and local partnerships to address this and transform policies and knowledge into concrete actions are crucial factors to be tackled.
The preparation of the third session of the Global Platform is based on multi-stakeholder participation. It will be done with inputs from and in close coordination with all different ISDR mechanisms and partnerships.
Regional Platforms and Ministerial Conferences during 2010-2011 in Africa, Americas, Arab States, Asia and Pacific, Europe and Central Asia will further inform the substance and dialogue of the Global Platform.
The benchmarks set out in the Chair's Summary of the second session of the Global Platform-2009 will serve as basis for the agenda of the 2011 session. It focused on five main areas:
- To urgently harmonize the frameworks for both disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in the broader context of poverty reduction and sustainable development;
- To reduce risk at the community and local levels, through collaborative partnerships based on recognition of the mutual dependence of central and local governments and civil society actors and the promotion of the role of women as drivers of action, with special consideration to youth and children's roles;
- To move from isolated actions and pilot projects to full implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action the Global Platform proposed targets in specific areas. Among these were national assessments of the safety of existing education and health facilities to be undertaken by 2011 and concrete action plans for safer schools and hospitals be developed and implemented in all disaster-prone countries by 2015.
- To scale-up action and funding from national budgets and international sources with significant support for targeting the equivalent of 10 per cent of humanitarian relief and recovery expenditure, and at least 1 per cent of all national development and development assistance funding to risk reduction measures, as well as staring to measure the effectiveness of investment in risk reduction.
- The Global Platform acknowledged the important role of the Strategy system in supporting Governments and civil society organizations, and considered that the planned midterm review of the Hyogo Framework for Action would require ownership on the part of Governments, the close involvement of civil society, and strengthened regional capacities for coordination and support.
Based on lessons emerging from the Mid-Term Review of the HFA, GP-2011 will begin discussing what the disaster risk reduction framework will look like post-2015: in terms of governance, resources, monitoring and compliance and how it will fit with the Millennium Development Goals and climate change framework.
Side session co-organized by UN-SPIDER
Side Session of the SPIDER Global Thematic Partnership
“Integrated Use of Space Technologies for Disaster-Risk Reduction”
Asian Disaster Reduction Center, ADRC, Japan
German Aerospace Center, DLR
International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, ISPRS
Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., ESRI
UNOOSA / UN-SPIDER
Space-based applications are frequently used in emergency response during disasters, to monitor the state of the environment, the impacts of climate change; and for global navigation and telecommunications worldwide. This session by UN-SPIDER, DLR, ADRC, ESRI, and ISPRS will showcase examples of space applications in the context of disaster-risk reduction, adaptation to climate change, and recovery. It is conducted to promote cooperation between the space and the disaster-risk reduction communities. The session aims to demonstrate that Investing today in the use of space-based Information will lead to a safer tomorrow.
See attachments for further information on the side session.