At the request of the Government of the Solomon Islands, UN-SPIDER carried out a Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) from 24 to 28 September 2012. The goal was to evaluate the current and potential use of
From 29 July to 2 August 2012, UN-SPIDER conducted a Technical Advisory Mission to Cape Verde supported by the generous contributions of the Government of Austria. Upon the invitation of the Serviço Nacional de Protecção Civil (SNPC) a diverse and outstanding mission team of 12 experts from the
The Dominican Republic is exposed to tropical storms and hurricanes that may trigger floods and storm surges. In addition, it is exposed to earthquakes that can trigger tsunamis. In 2002 the Dominican Republic enacted the Law 147-02, which incorporates the establishment of an inter-institutional System for Prevention, Mitigation and Response. At the request of the National Emergency Commission (CNE) and the National Secretariat for Foreign Affairs (SEREX), UN-SPIDER conducted a Technical Advisory Mission to the Dominican Republic.
Tue, 26/01/2010 to Fri, 29/01/2010
The National Emergency Commission (CNE) and the National Secretariat for Foreign Affairs (SEREX)
The mission was conducted by two experts from UN-SPIDER, who were accompanied by experts from the Panama-based Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean (CATHALAC) and from the Bolivarian Space Agency (Venezuela).
The mission included visits to 11 Government agencies and included an inter-institutional workshop organized by the National Emergency Commission (CNE), which was attended by a variety of institutions, including universities, NGOs and the private sector.
Disaster-risk management is a topic that has been receiving more and more attention in recent years in the Dominican Republic, particularly through the enactment of the new Law 147-02 in 2002. The law targets specifically two policies which are of relevance in the context of space-based information: the National Integrated Information System and the recognition regarding institutional strengthening through capacity building efforts.
Several government agencies have the capacity to access space-based data and generate information. As in the case of other countries, it is the institutions that deal with naturals resources such as the National Secretariat for the Environment and Human Resources (SEMARENA) and the National Institute of Water Resources (INDRHI) as well as the Military Cartographic Institute and the University Geographic Institute (IGU) that have the best capacities.
Several National Secretariats have the mandate to establish thematic information systems. Efforts are being conducted to implement the National Geospatial Database Infrastructure as a way to facilitate the sharing of information among government institutions. INDHRI acquired high-resolution aerial photography of the whole country at a 1:20,000 scale between the years 2000 and 2004.
The National Emergency Operations Center is aware of the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters, and finds its Pdf maps useful particularly to make use of them in the field in case of disasters. Several organizations, including NGOS, have generated a variety of hazard, vulnerability and risk maps from different regions in the country.
The mission recommended to CNE the promotion of the use of space-based information, in particular during disasters. Efforts should be made by CNE to incorporate a task along these lines within the Manual of Operations of the National Emergency Operations Centre.
Taking note of the institutional mandates and arrangements and following examples from other countries in Latin America, CNE should establish an inter-institutional group that focuses on the processing of satellite imagery to generate relevant information. The institutionalization could be carried out through a Memorandum of Understanding or a similar approach and strengthen the skills of the group. UN-SPIDER could also contribute to the strengthening of skills of the group.
The Technical Committee on Prevention and Mitigation of Risks should homogenize the different hazard, vulnerability and risk maps that have been elaborated by different agencies and organizations, and should promote the use of guidelines or standards in the elaboration of new maps of these kinds.
The Technical Committee on Prevention and Mitigation of Risks should implement that National Integrated Information System and promote its use in risk management efforts throughout the country.
A national policy should be established by the Government towards the establishment of the National Geospatial Database Infrastructure, and a policy so that government agencies exchange information more easily;
CNE should implemented a training programme to increase the skills of staff on the use of satellite imagery, including radar imagery in the case of floods. ITLA or the National Autonomous University of Santo Domingo could implement such a programme.
Chile is exposed to a variety of hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, forest fires, floods, and droughts. Chile has been impacted by some of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in recent history. For a large earthquake in February 2010 the International Charter: Space and Major Disaster was activated, and UN-SPIDER was requested to provide support. To follow up on this support, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requested a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission in March 2010.
Mon, 15/03/2010 to Sun, 21/03/2010
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile
Juan Carlos Villagran, UN-SPIDER
The mission included meetings with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Assets, the National System for the Coordination of Territorial Information, the National Office for Emergency of the Ministry of the Interior (ONEMI), the Space Commission of Chile, and other government agencies. The mission also included a field visit to the regions of Talca and Constitucion, which were heavily impacted by both the earthquake and the tsunami.
In addition, the mission included follow-up meetings in Washington D.C. with representatives of the World Bank, and with government agencies of the United States (Department of State, US Agency for International Aid (USAID), US Foreign Disaster Assistance (USOFDA) and NASA), as well as with representatives from Thermopylae Sciences and Technology, a consulting company providing support to US Southern Command.
ONEMI has a long tradition in the context of emergencyresponse. But in the case of the earthquake, it experienced a breakdown in telecommunications that inhibited the coordination of emergency response activities during several hours after the earthquake.
The Government of Chile and ONEMI are well aware of the benefits of space-based information in the context of emergency response, and have requested the activation of the Charter and of UN-SPIDER in such cases.
While ONEMI had received training from the National Commission on Space Activities of Argentina (CONAE) on the processing of satellite imagery for emergency response, the amount of satellite imagery provided to ONEMI demanded support from other government agencies and universities for its processing.
In its coordinating role, ONEMI has the capacity to mobilize the support of other government agencies and academia in case of disasters.
ONEMI and the other agencies could greatly benefit from processing the satellite imagery provided by a variety of space agencies to elaborate a mosaic map of satellite imagery donated as a way to identify which geographic areas are covered and where there are gaps that need to be filled.
To better present information to decision makers in case of emergency response, geo-viewers, such as the one developed by Esri, could be very useful to display information regarding the impacts of the event and additional layers. The use of these tools should be explored by ONEMI.
The Government of Chile is recommended to continue its efforts towards the establishment of the Chilean Space Agency as a way to promote the use of space-based applications in a variety of areas, including disaster-risk management and emergency response.
ONEMI and other agencies could systematize lessons learned from the use of space-based information in the case of the 2010 earthquake and explore the use of other space-based technologies in case of emergency response including satellite telecommunications and GNSS.