The RIVAF-project had a special focus on the impact of the GEC as detected through impacts related to disasters. One of the broad objectives of this project was to understand how the impacts of disasters of natural origin may be potential indicators of the GEC impacts. Guatemala, like other countries of the world, has experienced droughts in recent decades. The two most recent episodes were the 2001/2002 and the 2009/2010 droughts.
Two international crises before the Global Economic Crisis triggered effects that were detected at the national and local levels. The sharp drop in prices of coffee in the international stock market in 2000/2002 triggered a large increase in unemployment and led to tax revenue losses. The international oil and food crisis (IO&FC) in 2006-2008 impacted the prices of essential products such as corn and fuels.
Based on the hypothesis that the GEC negatively affected livelihoods, increased poverty conditions and subsequently increased to natural disasters; an ontology was developed to link these parameters and to model how the GEC could impact them.
The UN-SPIDER programme aims at providing universal access to all countries and all relevant international and regional organizations to all types of and services relevant to disaster risk management and