Recent data by the U.S. National Drought Mitigation Center show that the Southwest of the US has been affected by droughts for 11 of the past 14 years and that in 2014 the worst levels of drought has been registered in California.
In the context of NASA's Earth Venture-class projects, five new suborbital investigation campaigns will begin in 2015 to monitor the effects of air pollution, warming ocean waters, and fires on our climate.
The latest airborne field campaigns represent the second series of a project launched by the National Research Council in 2007 with a budget of $30 million granted to each mission.
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, US Ambassador to Ethiopia Patricia Haslach and US Ambassador to the African Union (AU) Reuben Brigety convened in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to debate over the means available to lessen the consequences of global climate change in Africa.
The operation of the Precipitation Radar (PR) on board the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite was completed on 7 October 2014, as the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA announced.
The United States has announced that it will make high-resolution topographic data available globally in 2015. Previously, the data generated from NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) in 2000 was only available in the US.
Bangladesh is one of the most flood-prone countries in the world. However, a combination of heavy monsoon rainfall and the arrival of meltwater from the Himalayas has led to exceptionally heavy floods in Bangladesh in the summer of 2014.