Volcanic Eruption

Peru - Technical Advisory Mission

As part of it advisory support activities, UN-SPIDER is carrying out out a Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) to Peru from 1 to 5 April to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in all aspects of disaster management. Based on exchanges with a wide range of stakeholders, UN-SPIDER will provide recommendations as to how to strengthen the use of space-based information in disaster risk management and emergency response in the country.

Dates: 

Mon, 01/04/2019 to Fri, 05/04/2019

Host Institution: 

National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI) of Peru and National Commission of Aerospace Research and Development of Peru (CONIDA).

Country/Region: 

Mission Team: 

The team is comprised of eight experts from UN-SPIDER; the German Aerospace Centre (DLR); the Argentinian National Space Activities Commission (CONAE); the Mexican Space Agency (AEM); the Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute of Colombia (IGAC); the Santa Ana Federal University of Brazil; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States of America; and the Andean Community (CAN). CONAE, AEM and IGAC are UN-SPIDER Regional Support Offices.

Mission Profile: 

The team had a series of meetings with key stakeholder organizations to take account of the availability of geospatial information, current use of space-derived information, data sharing practices, applications of geospatial information, challenges and constraints, existing capacity and needs, institutional linkages and coordination and applications to strengthen disaster risk reduction and emergency response.

 

Recommended Practice: Exposure Mapping

English

Teaser Recommended Practice: 

Mapping the extent of a natural hazard (e.g., assessing areas with a high risk) or disaster is a first step in disaster risk management and emergency response. Subsequently, exposure mapping enables the estimation of the impact of hazards or disasters, for example, regarding the number of affected inhabitants or infrastructure. The following practice shows the use of Quantum GIS to analyze a disaster extent map in combination with auxiliary data such as population or land cover data.

Flowchart Recommended Practices: 

Related Software: 

Objective: 

The objective of this practice is to estimate the exposure of a natural hazard or disaster. As an example, the number of inhabitants affected by a flood event is estimated. The joint use of the flood mask, created by the Recommended Practice: Flood Mapping, and the WorldPop data set constitutes a viable solution to quickly estimate the impact of the flood regarding the population. The proposed methodology is a universal practice which combines a simple approach based on open-source software and free of charge data together with a beforehand created map covering the extend of a natural hazard or disaster.

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Mitigation
  • Preparedness
  • Recovery & Reconstruction
  • Relief & Response

Main Hazards: 

  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Extreme Temperature
  • Forest Fire
  • Flood
  • Insect Infestation
  • Mass Movement
  • Pollution
  • Severe Storm
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic Eruption

Test Site: 

Malawi

Context: 

The practice was applied in the context of the flood event in Malawi in January 2015. Since December 2014, heavy rains affected Malawi causing rivers to overflow. The flooded area in this analysis covered a part of the Nsanje district around Chiromo.

Applicability: 

This practice can be applied globally. Besides of the beforehand created hazard or disaster extent map, the practice does not need specific near real-time data as it is based on population, land cover, or other auxiliary geodata archives. The WorldPop data set provides population data for Africa, Asia as well as Central and South America with a spatial resolution of 100 meters. The Landcover30 data base provides global landcover data with a spatial resolution of about 30 meters.

Geological Hazards and Monitoring at the Azores (Portugal)

 

English

Bibliographic reference: 

Gaspar et al. (2011). Geological Hazards and Monitoring at the Azores (Portugal). Earthzine, posted on April 12th, 2011 in Articles, Disaster Management, Earth Observation. 14 p.

Low-cost Deformation Measurement System for Volcano Monitoring

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Mitigation
  • Preparedness

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • SATNAV

Field of Application: 

  • Security
  • Human Aspects
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Disaster Type
English

Low-Cost Deformation Measurement System for Volcano Monitoring

Ground deformation due to volcanic magma intrusion is recognised as an important precursor

External Contact Person: 

Craig Roberts
English

Bibliographic reference: 

Craig Roberts, Cedric Seynat, Chris Rizos and Graeme Hooper. 3rd FIG Regional Conference Jakarta, Indonesia, October 3-7, 2004. Low-Cost Deformation Measurement System for Volcano Monitoring.

ERS-1,2 (AMI)

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Recovery & Reconstruction
  • Recovery & Reconstruction
  • Recovery & Reconstruction

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • Vegetation Damage Assessment
  • Vegetation Damage Assessment
  • Vegetation Damage Assessment
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS

Field of Application: 

  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type

Satellite: 

English

JERS-1 (SAR)

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Recovery & Reconstruction
  • Recovery & Reconstruction

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • Vegetation Damage Assessment
  • Vegetation Damage Assessment
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS

Field of Application: 

  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type

Satellite: 

English

The Environmental Monitoring for Mt. Pinatubo Area in the Philippines Using Satellite Optical and SAR Data

 

External Contact Person: 

Genya Saito
English

Bibliographic reference: 

Saito, G. et al. (1998): The Environmental Monitoring for Mt. Pinatubo Area in the Philippines Using Satellite Optical and SAR Data. Proceedings of The Nineteenth Asian Conference on Remote Sensing.

GOES- 8-15 (IMAGER)

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Relief & Response
  • Relief & Response
  • Relief & Response

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • Volcanic Activity Monitoring
  • Volcanic Activity Monitoring
  • Volcanic Activity Monitoring
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS

Field of Application: 

  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type
English

Aqua (MODIS)

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Relief & Response
  • Relief & Response

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • Volcanic Activity Monitoring
  • Volcanic Activity Monitoring
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS

Field of Application: 

  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Volcanic Eruption
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type

Satellite: 

English

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