Tsunami

Peru - Technical Advisory Mission

As part of it advisory support activities, UN-SPIDER is carrying out out a Technical Advisory Mission (TAM) to Peru from 1 to 5 April to evaluate the current and potential use of space-based information in all aspects of disaster management. Based on exchanges with a wide range of stakeholders, UN-SPIDER will provide recommendations as to how to strengthen the use of space-based information in disaster risk management and emergency response in the country.

Dates: 

Mon, 01/04/2019 to Fri, 05/04/2019

Host Institution: 

National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI) of Peru and National Commission of Aerospace Research and Development of Peru (CONIDA).

Country/Region: 

Mission Team: 

The team is comprised of eight experts from UN-SPIDER; the German Aerospace Centre (DLR); the Argentinian National Space Activities Commission (CONAE); the Mexican Space Agency (AEM); the Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute of Colombia (IGAC); the Santa Ana Federal University of Brazil; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States of America; and the Andean Community (CAN). CONAE, AEM and IGAC are UN-SPIDER Regional Support Offices.

Mission Profile: 

The team had a series of meetings with key stakeholder organizations to take account of the availability of geospatial information, current use of space-derived information, data sharing practices, applications of geospatial information, challenges and constraints, existing capacity and needs, institutional linkages and coordination and applications to strengthen disaster risk reduction and emergency response.

 

Recommended Practice: Exposure Mapping

English

Teaser Recommended Practice: 

Mapping the extent of a natural hazard (e.g., assessing areas with a high risk) or disaster is a first step in disaster risk management and emergency response. Subsequently, exposure mapping enables the estimation of the impact of hazards or disasters, for example, regarding the number of affected inhabitants or infrastructure. The following practice shows the use of Quantum GIS to analyze a disaster extent map in combination with auxiliary data such as population or land cover data.

Flowchart Recommended Practices: 

Related Software: 

Objective: 

The objective of this practice is to estimate the exposure of a natural hazard or disaster. As an example, the number of inhabitants affected by a flood event is estimated. The joint use of the flood mask, created by the Recommended Practice: Flood Mapping, and the WorldPop data set constitutes a viable solution to quickly estimate the impact of the flood regarding the population. The proposed methodology is a universal practice which combines a simple approach based on open-source software and free of charge data together with a beforehand created map covering the extend of a natural hazard or disaster.

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Mitigation
  • Preparedness
  • Recovery & Reconstruction
  • Relief & Response

Main Hazards: 

  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Extreme Temperature
  • Forest Fire
  • Flood
  • Insect Infestation
  • Mass Movement
  • Pollution
  • Severe Storm
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic Eruption

Test Site: 

Malawi

Context: 

The practice was applied in the context of the flood event in Malawi in January 2015. Since December 2014, heavy rains affected Malawi causing rivers to overflow. The flooded area in this analysis covered a part of the Nsanje district around Chiromo.

Applicability: 

This practice can be applied globally. Besides of the beforehand created hazard or disaster extent map, the practice does not need specific near real-time data as it is based on population, land cover, or other auxiliary geodata archives. The WorldPop data set provides population data for Africa, Asia as well as Central and South America with a spatial resolution of 100 meters. The Landcover30 data base provides global landcover data with a spatial resolution of about 30 meters.

Multi-hazard profile of Sri Lanka (UNDRR)

Data Type: 

hazard

Costs: 

free
English

Spatial Coverage: 

Sri Lanka

Temporal Coverage: 

arch

Data accessibility: 

exportmap
statistic

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

drm

Space-based Information: 

Ground-based Information

Global TerraColor Landsat Mosaic (EVG)

Data Type: 

satdata

Costs: 

nfree
English

Spatial Coverage: 

Global

Temporal Coverage: 

arch

Data accessibility: 

exportdata

File types: 

ECW
Jpeg

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

drm
rr
Screenshot of Global TerraColor Landsat Mosaic (EVG)

Spatial Resolution: 

15.00

Restrictions / Citation of the dataset: 

Some products and formats may only be available upon request. 

Satellites and Sensors: 

Sri Lanka National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)

Data Type: 

satdata

Costs: 

rfree
English

Spatial Coverage: 

Sri Lanka

Temporal Coverage: 

arch

Data accessibility: 

exportdata

File types: 

GeoTIFF
TIFF

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

drm
Screenshot of Sri Lanka National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)

Spatial Resolution: 

2.50

Requirements: 

<p>Satellite data can be viewed by users on request with the approval of the Surveyor General at CRS Branch.</p>

Earth Explorer(USGS)

Data Type: 

baseline
elevation
landuse
satdata

Costs: 

free
English

Spatial Coverage: 

Global

Temporal Coverage: 

arch
fore
near

Data accessibility: 

exportdata
exportmap
statistic
visdata
webproc

File types: 

bmp
DBF
GeoRSS
GeoTIFF
HDF
KML
shp
TIFF
txt
webmap
WMS

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

drm
rr
Screenshot of USGS

Spatial Resolution: 

30.00

Space-based Information: 

Arial Imagery,AVHRR, Digital Elevation,Declassified data, Digital Line Graphs,Digital Maps, GEOGLAM, Global Fidutials, Global Forest Observation Initiatives,Global Land Survey,JECAM Stes, HCMM, LIDAR, Land Cover,Vegetation Monitoring,NASA LPDAAC Collection

Requirements: 

<p>Operating System: Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, MAC, UNIX, LINUX</p>

Restrictions / Citation of the dataset: 

NASA Imagery Aids Japanese Response to Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Events

 

English

Bibliographic reference: 

L.Rudy (2011)  NASA Imagery Aids Japanese Response to Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Events. Earthzine posted on March 28th, 2011 in Disaster Management, Earth Observation

Geological Hazards and Monitoring at the Azores (Portugal)

 

English

Bibliographic reference: 

Gaspar et al. (2011). Geological Hazards and Monitoring at the Azores (Portugal). Earthzine, posted on April 12th, 2011 in Articles, Disaster Management, Earth Observation. 14 p.

The use of geographic information systems(GIS) for rapid assessment of health facilities following a disaster: the case of the tsunami disaster in the province of Aceh

 

External Contact Person: 

Anis Fuad

Email: 

fuadanis [at] yahoo.fr
English

Bibliographic reference: 

Anis Fuad et al. (2006). The use of geographic information systems(GIS) for rapid assessment of health facilities following a disaster: the case of the tsunami disaster in the province of Aceh. APAMI 2006 in conjunction with MIST 2006. 4 p.

ALOS (AVNIR-2)

Disaster Cycle Phase: 

  • Relief & Response
  • Relief & Response
  • Relief & Response

Space Technology/Product and Application: 

  • Inundation Map
  • Inundation Map
  • Inundation Map
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS
  • EO/RS

Field of Application: 

  • Tsunami
  • Tsunami
  • Tsunami
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type
  • Disaster Type

Satellite: 

English

Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

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