The object of research of the GFZ is the Earth System – our planet, on and from which we live. GFZ researches focus on the study the Earth and its characteristics, as well as the processes which occur on its surface and within its interior.
Scientists of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) have identified a distinctive atmospheric wave pattern high above the Northern Hemisphere that can foreshadow the emergence of summertime heat waves in the United States more than two weeks in advance. The study was conducted in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, NASA, and the National Science Foundation (NSF), which is NCAR's sponsor. NASA scientists helped guide the project and are involved in broader research in this area.