Mandalay Institute of Technology initially pursued undergraduate courses in the fields of science and engineering. On 1st July 1998, MIT was renamed to Mandalay Technological University (MTU). Since its foundation, the university has continued to grow and develop to meet the changing requirements of Science and Technology. Later, to offer a wider variety of degrees, MTU introduced post graduate programmes for talent and highly motivated graduates.
In view of the importance of the Myanmar forestry sector in enhancing national socio-economic development, and ensuring ecological balance and environmental stability, the Myanmar Forest Policy has been formulated in a holistic and balanced manner within the overall context of the environment and sustainable development taking full recognition of the forestry principles adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment Development (UNCED).
The Department of Geological Survey & Mineral Exploration Ministry of Mines is a Division of the Ministry of Mines of Burma and carries out research in geological and mineral resources. The Department functions according to the Myanmar Mines Law and Rules. The Department of Geological Survey & Mineral Exploration has prepared geological maps for almost 77% of the country. As a result of its explorations, deposits of coal, lignite, lead, gold, silver, copper and sapphire have been discovered in numerous areas.
Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) was established with the objectives to provide relief for victims of natural disasters to ease their sufferings and take precautionary steps as to minimize loss of lives and property of the victims of natural disasters. It is part of the Myanmar Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement.
To promote the effectiveness and success in the development of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Science and Technology was established on 2 October 1996.The Ministry of Science and Technology is based on the Myanmar Science and Technology Research Department which carries out research and development work for the development of the nation’s industry since 1954.
This ministry was established in 1952. It was reconstituted under the name of the Ministry of Relief, Resettlement and National Unity in 1957. Then, it was a department under the Ministry of Social Welfare. The Ministry of Social Welfare was reconstituted again under the name Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement in 1992. Its major tasks are as follows:
Myanmar's Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD), the nodal agency for Disaster Management in Myanmar, launched an online portal for wider dissemination of policies, guidelines, manuals and activities regarding disaster risk reduction.