Chile

Chilean Ministry of National Assets

The Ministry of National Assets is in charge of recognizing, managing and administrating the fiscal patrimony of all Chileans, maintaining the cadastre of the state property to date. It develops, in coordination with other state agencies, policies about the use and incorporation of the fiscal patrimony to promote a sustainable economic, social and cultural development of the country. Website: http://www.bienesnacionales.cl/

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Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the State Office responsible for planning, directing, coordinating, executing and disseminating Foreign Policy as determined by the President of the Republic. It is also responsible for coordinating the activities of other ministries and public organizations in those areas that affect foreign policy. In addition, it intervenes in all matters pertaining to the determination and demarcation of the country’s borders and limits, as well as issues concerning border zones, airspace, maritime zones and Antarctic policy.

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Chile - Expert Mission

Chile is exposed to a variety of hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, forest fires, floods, and droughts. Chile has been impacted by some of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in recent history. For a large earthquake in February 2010 the International Charter: Space and Major Disaster was activated, and UN-SPIDER was requested to provide support. To follow up on this support, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requested a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission in March 2010.

Dates: 

Mon, 15/03/2010 to Sun, 21/03/2010

Host Institution: 

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile

Mission Expert: 

Juan Carlos Villagran, UN-SPIDER

Mission Profile: 

The mission included meetings with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Assets, the National System for the Coordination of Territorial Information, the National Office for Emergency of the Ministry of the Interior (ONEMI), the Space Commission of Chile, and other government agencies. The mission also included a field visit to the regions of Talca and Constitucion, which were heavily impacted by both the earthquake and the tsunami.

In addition, the mission included follow-up meetings in Washington D.C. with representatives of the World Bank, and with government agencies of the United States (Department of State, US Agency for International Aid (USAID), US Foreign Disaster Assistance (USOFDA) and NASA), as well as with representatives from Thermopylae Sciences and Technology, a consulting company providing support to US Southern Command.

Mission Outcome: 

  • ONEMI has a long tradition in the context of emergency response. But in the case of the earthquake, it experienced a breakdown in telecommunications that inhibited the coordination of emergency response activities during several hours after the earthquake.
  • The Government of Chile and ONEMI are well aware of the benefits of space-based information in the context of emergency response, and have requested the activation of the Charter and of UN-SPIDER in such cases.
  • While ONEMI had received training from the National Commission on Space Activities of Argentina (CONAE) on the processing of satellite imagery for emergency response, the amount of satellite imagery provided to ONEMI demanded support from other government agencies and universities for its processing.
  • In its coordinating role, ONEMI has the capacity to mobilize the support of other government agencies and academia in case of disasters.

ONEMI and the other agencies could greatly benefit from processing the satellite imagery provided by a variety of space agencies to elaborate a mosaic map of satellite imagery donated as a way to identify which geographic areas are covered and where there are gaps that need to be filled.

To better present information to decision makers in case of emergency response, geo-viewers, such as the one developed by Esri, could be very useful to display information regarding the impacts of the event and additional layers. The use of these tools should be explored by ONEMI.

The Government of Chile is recommended to continue its efforts towards the establishment of the Chilean Space Agency as a way to promote the use of space-based applications in a variety of areas, including disaster-risk management and emergency response.

ONEMI and other agencies could systematize lessons learned from the use of space-based information in the case of the 2010 earthquake and explore the use of other space-based technologies in case of emergency response including satellite telecommunications and GNSS.

German satellite could help Chile predict natural disasters

A conference of geological and scientific experts met in the southern Chilean city of Punta Arenas last week to discuss using the TerraSAR-X satellite system to assist Chile in predicting volcanic eruptions. The satellite, which has been in orbit for nearly a year, could provide Chile with significantly advanced warning of volcanic activity and tsunamis.

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Tue, 22/11/2011 - 14:58

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-53

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-71

Monitoring Volcanic Ash and Impacts on Agriculture: CSA, NASA and World Bank Cooperation

Within the framework of the international Committee on Satellite Earth Observation (CEOS), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) is collaborating with NASA on various projects helping to monitor, manage and respond to natural disasters.

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Publishing Date: 

Wed, 14/09/2011 - 15:29

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Heavy Snow in Central Chile

In what the interior minister described as a “white earthquake,” heavy snow blanketed parts of Chile in July 2011. Snow was 2.3 meters (7.5 feet) deep in the city of Lonquimay, CNN reported. Santiago Times reported that some areas received four months’ worth of snowfall in just four days.

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Publishing Date: 

Tue, 26/07/2011 - 11:31

latitude: 

-38

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-71

Volcanic eruption in Chile

The crater of the Chilean volcano Puyehue displays a striking, circular outline in this image from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) TerraSAR-X satellite – so this was not the culprit when a volcano in the southern Andes erupted on 4 June 2011.

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Publishing Date: 

Fri, 22/07/2011 - 11:30

latitude: 

-41

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-72

Here's Looking @ Earth... First Volcanoes... Now Snow

Ordinarily, the flashes of white in South America’s Atacama Desert rise from salt pans.But on July 7, 2011, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired these images, the white came from a far rarer commodity: snow.

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Publishing Date: 

Wed, 13/07/2011 - 17:05

latitude: 

-36

longitude: 

-72

NASA and ESA provide Satellite views and video of the Chilean Volcano Eruption

NASA Provides a Two-Satellite View and Video of the Chilean Volcano Eruption 

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Publishing Date: 

Fri, 10/06/2011 - 12:51

UN-SPIDER provides Technical Advisory Support to Chile earthquake response

From 15 – 21 March UN-SPIDER Programme Coordinator, David Stevens, was in Chile at the request of the Government of Chile to follow-up on the support the programme has been providing to the

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Publishing Date: 

Wed, 14/04/2010 - 16:20

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latitude: 

-35

longitude: 

-72

UN-SPIDER news: 

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