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Chile

Chile - Expert Mission

Dates: 
Mon, 15/03/2010 - Sun, 21/03/2010
Advisory Mission Facts
Main Hazards: 
Drought
Main Hazards: 
Earthquake
Main Hazards: 
Forest Fire
Main Hazards: 
Flood
Main Hazards: 
Mass Movement
Main Hazards: 
Tsunami
Main Hazards: 
Volcanic Eruption
Mission details
<p>Chile is exposed to a variety of hazards including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, forest fires, floods, and droughts. Chile has been impacted by some of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded in recent history. For a large earthquake in February 2010 the International Charter: Space and Major Disaster was activated, and UN-SPIDER was requested to provide support. To follow up on this support, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requested a UN-SPIDER Technical Advisory Mission in March 2010.</p>
Host Institution: 
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile
Mission Expert: 
Juan Carlos Villagran, UN-SPIDER
Mission Profile: 
<p>The mission included meetings with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of National Assets, the National System for the Coordination of Territorial Information, the National Office for Emergency of the Ministry of the Interior (ONEMI), the Space Commission of Chile, and other government agencies. The mission also included a field visit to the regions of Talca and Constitucion, which were heavily impacted by both the earthquake and the tsunami.</p> <p>In addition, the mission included follow-up meetings in Washington D.C. with representatives of the World Bank, and with government agencies of the United States (Department of State, US Agency for International Aid (USAID), US Foreign Disaster Assistance (USOFDA) and NASA), as well as with representatives from Thermopylae Sciences and Technology, a consulting company providing support to US Southern Command.</p>
Mission Outcome: 
<ul> <li>ONEMI has a long tradition in the context of emergency response. But in the case of the earthquake, it experienced a breakdown in telecommunications that inhibited the coordination of emergency response activities during several hours after the earthquake.</li> <li>The Government of Chile and ONEMI are well aware of the benefits of space-based information in the context of emergency response, and have requested the activation of the Charter and of UN-SPIDER in such cases.</li> <li>While ONEMI had received training from the National Commission on Space Activities of Argentina (CONAE) on the processing of satellite imagery for emergency response, the amount of satellite imagery provided to ONEMI demanded support from other government agencies and universities for its processing.</li> <li>In its coordinating role, ONEMI has the capacity to mobilize the support of other government agencies and academia in case of disasters.</li> </ul> <p>ONEMI and the other agencies could greatly benefit from processing the satellite imagery provided by a variety of space agencies to elaborate a mosaic map of satellite imagery donated as a way to identify which geographic areas are covered and where there are gaps that need to be filled.</p> <p>To better present information to decision makers in case of emergency response, geo-viewers, such as the one developed by Esri, could be very useful to display information regarding the impacts of the event and additional layers. The use of these tools should be explored by ONEMI.</p> <p>The Government of Chile is recommended to continue its efforts towards the establishment of the Chilean Space Agency as a way to promote the use of space-based applications in a variety of areas, including disaster-risk management and emergency response.</p> <p>ONEMI and other agencies could systematize lessons learned from the use of space-based information in the case of the 2010 earthquake and explore the use of other space-based technologies in case of emergency response including satellite telecommunications and GNSS.</p>

German satellite could help Chile predict natural disasters

A conference of geological and scientific experts met in the southern Chilean city of Punta Arenas last week to discuss using the TerraSAR-X satellite system to assist Chile in predicting volcanic

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 22/11/2011 - 14:58
latitude: 
-53.1667
longitude: 
-70.9333

Monitoring Volcanic Ash and Impacts on Agriculture: CSA, NASA and World Bank Cooperation

Within the framework of the international Committee on Satellite Earth Observation (CEOS), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) is collaborating with NASA on various projects helping to monitor, manage

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Wed, 14/09/2011 - 15:29

Heavy Snow in Central Chile

In what the interior minister described as a “white earthquake,” heavy snow blanketed parts of Chile in July 2011.

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 26/07/2011 - 11:31
latitude: 
-38.4333
longitude: 
-71.2333

Volcanic eruption in Chile

The crater of the Chilean volcano Puyehue displays a striking, circular outline in this image from the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) TerraSAR-X satel

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Fri, 22/07/2011 - 11:30
latitude: 
-40.5903
longitude: 
-72.1172

Here's Looking @ Earth... First Volcanoes... Now Snow

Ordinarily, the flashes of white in South America’s Atacama Desert rise from salt pans.But on July 7, 2011, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terr

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Wed, 13/07/2011 - 17:05
latitude: 
-35.6751
longitude: 
-71.543

NASA and ESA provide Satellite views and video of the Chilean Volcano Eruption

NASA Provides a Two-Satellite View and Video of the Chilean Volcano Eruption 

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Fri, 10/06/2011 - 12:51

UN-SPIDER provides Technical Advisory Support to Chile earthquake response

From 15 – 21 March UN-SPIDER Programme Coordinator, David Stevens, was in Chile at the request of the Government of Chile to follow-up on the support the programme has been providing to the r

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Wed, 14/04/2010 - 16:20
latitude: 
-35.3391
longitude: 
-72.4138

Earthquake in Chile

On 3/11/2010 2:39:48 PM, an earthquake of magnitude 7.2 and depth 35km occurred in Chile. This earthquake potentially affected 771000 people. Tsunami waves are estimated to be lower than 10cm.

Disaster Information
Name: 
Earthquake in Chile
Region: 
Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Province
Occurance Date: 
11/03/2010

RapidEye Releases Change Detection in Chile

RapidEye, a geospatial information provider, using their own before and after imagery of the city of Concepcion, Chile, recorded the changes caused by the 8.8 magnitude earthquake on February 27, 2

Publishing Information
Publishing Date: 
Tue, 09/03/2010 - 10:31
latitude: 
-35.8496
longitude: 
-72.7214