Land cover information is important for many applications like flood modeling, observation of agricultural drought, climate change modeling, and monitoring of environmental changes including vegetation phenology, flooding, fire occurrence, and monitoring of carbon emission due to deforestation and forest degradation.
The Global Land Component in the framework of GMES Initial Operations (GIO) is earmarked as a component of the Land service to operate “a multi-purpose service component” that will provide a series bio-geophysical products on the status and evolution of land surface at global scale. Production and delivery of the parameters are to take place in a timely manner and are complemented by the constitution of long term time series.
The International Steering Committee for Global Mapping (ISCGM) was established in February 13,1996 in Tsukuba Japan by the participants of the Preparatory Meeting of the ISCGM. And the First Meeting of the ISCGM was held in February 14, 1996.
UN-SPIDER's Regional Support Office in Kenya, the Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), hosted the East African Global Land Cover Workshop from 10 to 14 March 2014. The workshop was organized in partnership with the Interior International Technical Assistance Program of the U.S. Department of the Interior and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
Australia became an international collaborator on the new US-satellite mission Landsat 8, under an agreement signed on 12 July 2012 with the United States Geological Survey. Landsat 8, the latest in the series of Landsat satellites, is expected to launch in January 2013.