Matthew, currently a category 4 hurricane, has already impacted Haiti, a country still recovering from a devastating earthquake on 2010; as well as the Dominican Republic and Jamaica. According to the BBC, authorities in these countries warned people to be prepared for this very powerful hurricane. Other countries that will feel the impact of the Hurricane include: Cuba and the United States. More information on this topic is available here.
The Atlantic hurricane season takes place every year from the 1st of June to the 30th of November . This year, activity in the Atlantic basin began unusually early with the development of Hurricane Alex in the eastern Atlantic in January. The National Hurricane Center said it was the earliest hurricane to form in the Atlantic since 1938.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated on 15 October 2014 to provide satellite-based information on Hurricane Gonzalo in Bermuda. The mechanism was activated by UK Cabinet Office CCS on behalf of Bermuda Gov.
A recent study conducted by Mark Z. Jacobson, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the Stanford University, Cristina Archer and Willett Kempton of the University of Delaware, shows that offshore wind farms could have sapped the power of three real life hurricanes.
Two NASA satellites have recently captured images of the Tropical Storm Chantal over the Atlantic Ocean revealing heavy rainfall and powerful thunderstorms. On July 8, NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite saw the heaviest rainfall of Tropical Storm happening at a rate of over 115.5 mm (~4.5 inches) per hour near the center of Chantal.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated twice in the context of Hurricane Sandy - the largest Atlantic tropical storm system on record. UNITAR/UNOSAT on behalf of UNOCHA activated the mechanism on 29 October 2012 for Haiti. Hurricane Sandy tore through the Caribbean between 26-28 October, leaving a reported 51 dead in Haiti and another 15 missing.