Geospatial databases and the evolving role of the surveyor
Within the last thirty years, GIS technology has evolved from single purpose, project based applications to enterprise systems. Enterprise systems are currently being used by businesses, institutions, industry, local
governments and the private sector to provide services to clients, manage resources, and to address multiple issues pertaining to health and human resources, transportation, public safety, utilities and communications, natural resource, defense and intelligence, retail and many more. Geodatabases maintained at research institutions, federal and local government repositories, commercial organizations, private a d utility companies, have made it easy for geospatial analysts to access data from a variety of sources for very small fees, if any.
Full article on the Volume VI, Issue 10, October 2010,written by Frank Derby, Phd Associate Professor of Surveying and GIS, Bell Atlantic Center for Technolog, The Pennsylvania State University, USA.