The Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission (EC) established in 1998 an expert group to develop and implement advance methods for the evaluation of forest fire danger and mapping vulnerable areas in Europe. In 2000, the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) became operational.
The Regional Centre for training in Aerospace Surveys was created in 1972 under the auspices of the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) with a mandate for Training, Research, Consultancy and Advisory Services in Geo informatics. Participating countries at the moment are: Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) is a European Union-led initiative for the implementation of information services dealing with environment and security. GMES is based on observation data received from