Latin America

México – Curso de Entrenamiento a Nivel Regional

Spanish

Para reforzar el conocimiento y las capacidades de profesionales que laboran en agencias gubernamentales de México, Belice, Guatemala y El Salvador en lo referente al uso de imágenes de radar en caso de inundaciones, ONU-SPIDER y CRECTEALC llevaron a cabo un curso de entrenamiento en las instalaciones del CRECTEALC en Puebla, México.

Fecha: 

24/10/2011 to 28/10/2011

Title of Training: 

Uso de imágenes de radar en caso de inundaciones

País/región: 

Trainers: 

Expertos del Instituto Argentino de Astronomía y Física Espacial y de CATHALAC.

Target Group: 

12 participantes de 10 agencias gubernamentales de México,Belice,Guatemala y El Salvador representando agencias de protección civil,ministerios de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales; comisiones nacionales de recursos hídricos y forestales; Institutos geográficos y agencias nacionales de planificación.

Training Profile: 

Los instructores se centraron en las características de las imágenes de radar,en las peculiaridades relacionadas con su adquisición utilizando satélites específicos con tales capacidades (trayectoria orbital de adquisición,tipo de banda,modo de polarización) y en los rasgos que se muestran en las imágenes que surgen debido a las características específicas de las microondas; dispersores en el suelo como bosques,cosechas y pastos y condiciones específicas sobre el terreno tales como rugosidad y presencia permanente o intermitente de agua (cuerpos de agua,pantanos,marismas y humedales). El curso se complementó con ejercicios prácticos en el uso de paquetes de software específicos como NEST,ENVI,ERDAS Imagine,ArcGIS y MapReady para pre-procesar y seguidamente procesar imágenes de radar con el fin de detectar inundaciones en varios tipos de entornos.

Los instructores también hicieron especial énfasis en la detección de agua usando una variedad de algoritmos propios del post-procesamiento,incluyendo filtros de realce,detección de cambios usando varias imágenes y análisis multi-temporal. Reconociendo que las imágenes provistas por sensores ópticos pueden también ser usadas para detectar inundaciones,el procesamiento de imágenes de radar se complementó con técnicas para procesar imágenes ópticas,incluyendo la obtención de índices y otros métodos para determinar la extensión de áreas inundadas. Los participantes también se centraron en la detección de cambios usando imágenes de sus países respectivos.

latitude: 

19

longitude: 

-98

World Bank Country Office in Guatemala

Despite the global financial crisis and recent natural disasters, Guatemala continues to have huge potential for economic growth. But with the second lowest social indicators in the region, rising food prices pose a risk for vulnerable members of the population. The World Bank is a source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. It supports development by providing low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries. It provides policy advice, research and analysis, and technical assistance.

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United Nations Development Programme Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery in Guatemala (UNDP/BCPR)

After 36 years of internal armed conflict in Guatemala, thousands of confidential facts about the actions of the State have been registered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Thanks to UNDP/BCPR’s technical and expert support, Guatemala has been able to digitize 13 million pieces of data on human rights abuses out of 20 million available. This archive provides a detailed account of numerous violations against the human rights of more than 2,000 Guatemalans.

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Guatemalan Institute of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment of the Rafael Landivar University (IARNA – URL)

The Institute of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment is one of the ten Institutes for research established in the University Rafael Sandivar. It promotes knowledge generation processes that provide solutions to progress in a sustainable way to achieve the national development goals.

Website: http://www.url.edu.gt/PortalURL/Principal_01.aspx?s=51

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Guatemalan Secretariat for Food and Nutritional Security (SESAN)

The SESAN is the institution responsible for planning, coordinating, integrating and monitoring the interventions food and nutritional security interventions in the public sector, society and international cooperation organisms.

Website: http://www.sesan.gob.gt/

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Guatemalan National Council for Science and Technology (CONCYT)

The National Council for Science and Technology is the governing body in the field of scientific and technological progress, and it is responsible for the promotion and coordination of scientific and technological activities carried out by the National Science and Technology. It is also responsible for the implementation and monitoring of the Plan of Scientific and Technological Development.

Website: http://www.concyt.gob.gt/

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Guatemalan National Geographic Institute (IGN)

The National Geographic Institute "Engineer Alfredo Gomez Obiols" is an agency of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food (MAGA). It is the public agency dedicated to generate reliable geographic and cartographic information for the development of the country both in public and private sectors. It is an internationally recognized scientific institution. It facilitates geospatial technology products and services.

Website: http://www.ign.gob.gt

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Guatemalan National Institute for Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology (INSIVUMEH)

INSIVUMEH is the entity that constantly monitors the surge, weather, earthquakes and volcanoes in Guatemala, a country with high risks of natural disasters. It does so in order to predict, prevent, adequately manage and minimise the consequences of any kind of

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Guatemalan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN)

The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources is the public entity specialized in the area of environment and natural goods and services from the Public Sector. Its mission is to protect the natural systems that develop and sustain life in all its forms and expressions, fostering a culture of respect and harmony with the nature, preserving and using the natural resources in a sustainable way.

Website: http://www.marn.gob.gt/

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Guatemalan Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food (MAGA)

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food of Guatemala is a public institution that promotes the sustainable management of the natural resources in order to prompt the territorial, agricultural, forestall and hydro-biological development. It tries to ensure food security from the competitive chains that supply the national and international markets.

Website: http://www.maga.gob.gt

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