Due to heavy seasonal rain falls within the last months, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone have been affected by floods. Overall more than 300,000 people have been impacted and 39 casualties reported.
The Sahel, in Burkina Faso is facing an unprecedented crisis situation since 2005. A deficit of cereal production is exposing vulnerable people and children to acute malnutrition due to high food prices and the lack of food security. Moreover, as a result of recent instability and the conflict in northern Mali, thousands of people have fled their homes to seek refuge from ethnic tensions and violent clashes.
Burkina Faso has a total population of almost 16 million people, with an average of life expectancy at birth of 49 for male and 56 for female, a high rate of children deaths and a large burden of diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis among others. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system.
With a population of 14 million (as per Census 2006 data), of whom 43.9 % lives below the poverty line, and almost half is under 15, Burkina Faso is classified as both a least developed country and a low-income, food-deficit country. As the United Nations frontline agency in the fight against hunger, the World Food Programme (WFP) is continually responding to emergencies.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is present in Burkina Faso since 1966. It forges partnerships at all levels of society to promote nations’ resilience to carry out a growth that would improve the quality of life for everyone.
The Environment Plan for Sustainable Development defines the main axes managers and benchmarks for a sustainable development. It aims to determine the strategy around which to build a framework of fight against poverty and to develop a sustainable development that takes into account the environment in all its dimensions. The design of this plan is based on a long term vision of environmental policy in a concerted and coordinated action.
The Directorate of Plant Protection and conditioning is the national entity in Burkina Faso in charge of the International Plan Protection Convention that aims to protect the world’s plant resources from pests and to ensure the quality of food products. The DPVC includes three technical services which are: the Service Intervention, the Office of Pesticides and Pest Control and the Control Service Conditioning and Quality (SCCQ).
The General Directorate of Agricultural Statistics and Forecast Branch (HPFB) is a central structure of the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Fisheries. One of its missions is to collect, process, analyse and disseminate statistics in the field of agriculture to better exploit the already existing statistics differentiated by gender.
The Department of Meteorology of Burkina Faso has jurisdiction over all the matters related to meteorology and its applications in Burkina Faso. It was created on December 30th, 1972 to manage the national meteorological activities in Upper Volta. The functions, organisation and functioning of the Directorate of Meteorology have been reviewed by several orders made successively in 1993, 1999, 2001 and 2003. Website: http://www.meteoburkina.bf/