The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters has been activated three times in the past two days to provide satellite imagery and maps regarding floods in Niger, Senegal and Nigeria. West African nations experience torrential rains during their annual rain season, but this season has been reported as the worst in 50 years.
The International Charter Space and Major Disasters was activated on Wednesday 22nd of August in Russia's Black Sea region. The Charter was activated by USGS on behalf of ROSCOSMOS / EMERCOM. USGS is also the Project Manager for this activation.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated on 13 August 2012 to provide satellite imagery for the forest fires that have been ravaging the north of Algeria since June. They are a result of hotter than average summer heat waves that have been reported to reach as high as 50 degrees . Three people have been reported killed in the fires, two of which were a firefighter and forest worker attempting to put out a blaze.
UNOOSA/UN-SPIDER has activated the International Charter: Space and Major Disaster to provide satellite imagery for the two strong earthquakes that occurred in Iran on 11 August 2012. This international mechanism was activated on behalf of the Iranian Space Agency, host of UN-SPIDER's Regional Support Office in Iran.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated on 10 July 2012 by the US Geological Survey (USGS) on behalf of ROSCOSMOS/EMERCOM for the torrential flooding of Krasnodar region, Russia. On Saturday, 7 July 2012, torrential rains swept the Southern Russian Krasnodar region, killing 144 people, officials confirm. A foot of rain dropped in the Black Sea region forcing several residents to scramble out of their beds seeking refuge on trees and rooftops.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 29 June 2012. Floods, caused by heavy rains over the last two weeks, have taken a toll of 27 human lives in Assam State, India and affected almost one million. The population in 2084 villages in 22 districts have been affected by floods this year. 173 relief camps have been set up so far to provide shelter for those affected.
On Saturday, heavy rains fell in B.C's Shuswap region, where more than 340 people were ordered out of their homes into the community of Sicamous area in Vancouver, Canada. Canadian officials declared a state of emergency, issuing a water-conservation notice to some 3,100 residents on Shuswap Lake.