Due to heavy seasonal rain falls within the last months, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso and Sierra Leone have been affected by floods. Overall more than 300,000 people have been impacted and 39 casualties reported.
Throughout their history, societies around the world have suffered the impacts of disasters triggered by natural hazards. And while disasters continue to occur in this century, the knowledge gained over hundreds of years has been essential to identify ways to minimize the effects of such natural hazards. Ancient communities in floodplains and deltas developed the knowledge to identify areas less exposed to floods, as well as precursors to such floods.
Through its network of Regional Support Offices, National Focal Points and its partners, UN-SPIDER is working with national governments and relevant stakeholders to find strategies to enhance the use of both indigenous or traditional knowledge and the knowledge derived with the aid of space technologies as a way to contribute to disaster risk reduction efforts, to strengthen the resilience of communities at risk, and to contribute sustainable development worldwide.
On 13 October UN-SPIDER celebrates the United Nations International Day for Disaster Reduction
UN SPIDER’s Regional Support Office in Sri Lanka International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in association with Sentinel Asia System (SAS) and JAXA activated the charter on October 1 to generate satellite images covering the Southern Provinces in Sri Lanka.
The Government of India has established 176 flood forecasting stations across the country which would help to monitor river flooding during monsoons. The stations use information captured by Indian satellites, including near-real time flood inundation maps provided by the National Remote Sensing Centre.
The International Charter: Space and Major Disasters was activated on Wednesday, 5 August, due to floods caused by torrential monsoon rains in 12 of the 14 states of Myanmar, particularly in Chin, Magway, Sagaing and Rakhine areas. UNITAR-UNOSAT sent the request to activate the mechanism on behalf of UNDP Myanmar.