Despite being a resource-rich country with a strong agricultural base, Myanmar is among the poorest nations in the world. Years of conflict and unresolved ethnic differences have contributed to the displacement of around 450,000 people and an influx of refugees in neighboring countries.
This ministry was established in 1952. It was reconstituted under the name of the Ministry of Relief, Resettlement and National Unity in 1957. Then, it was a department under the Ministry of Social Welfare. The Ministry of Social Welfare was reconstituted again under the name Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement in 1992. Its major tasks are as follows:
In a humanitarian crisis, relief agencies need rapid answers to questions about 'where'. Where are the greatest needs? Where are the gaps that need to be filled? MapAction is a non-governmental organisation (NGO) that works in
Guatemala’s territory, due to its geographical, geological and tectonic conditions, is classified as one of the countries with a highest potential for multiple natural hazards. And due to its social and economic situation as well as its environmental degradation and development, its vulnerability conditions are high.
One of the major preventable causes for loss of lives during disasters is the failure of telecommunications infrastructure. Satellite communication networks are unaffected by natural disasters, but Broadband global area network (BGAN) satellite phones are too expensive for wide-scale deployment.
Esri and Microsoft have announced a cooperation alliance to assist public and private agencies and communities during disasters. Microsoft will display Esri's public information maps on its cloud-based Disaster Response Incident Portal, and it will also point citizens to the maps via its online outlets.