The Global Risks Report 2015, issued by the World Economic Forum on 16 January 2015 finds extreme weather events the number two top global risk in terms of likelihood. It is exceeded only by interstate conflicts. Both are followed by failure of national governance systems (3), state collapse or crisis (4) and high structural unemployment or underemployment (5).
NASA and the governments of Cyprus, Brunei and Argentina have recently invested in the development of new Search and Rescue (SAR) network infrastructure solutions and next-generation Medium Earth Orbit Search and Rescue (MEOSAR) systems.
Surface seawater salinty plays a great role in ocean circulation and Earth's water cycle. The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinty mission by the European Space Agency ESA, SMOS, helps scientists and researchers understand this relationship better by measuring seawater salinity from space.
The Policy Analysis and Innovation Section of the UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) released the World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2014 report, dealing with humanitarian needs and assistance in 2013, as well as humanitarian trends, challenges and opportunities in the global context.
In the context of NASA's Earth Venture-class projects, five new suborbital investigation campaigns will begin in 2015 to monitor the effects of air pollution, warming ocean waters, and fires on our climate.
The latest airborne field campaigns represent the second series of a project launched by the National Research Council in 2007 with a budget of $30 million granted to each mission.
Two representatives of UN-SPIDER attended the second Preparatory Committee Meeting (PrepCom2) related to the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR), scheduled to take place in March 2015 in Sendai, Japan. PrepCom2 took place on 17 and 18 November in Geneva and serves to approve the Conference programme of work and develop the draft version of the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.