Mongolia

Satellite imagery show decline of lake surface in Mongolia

Xinkai Lake on the Mongolian Plateau in 2001,2004 and 2006 (Image: NASA)

According to researchers from Peking University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, lakes in the Mongolian Plateau are shrinking rapidly. After analysing several decades of satellite imagery, the researchers found that the total lake surface area had declined from 4,160 square kilometers in the late 1980s to 2,900 square kilometers in 2010, a decrease of 30 percent.

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Publishing Date: 

Thu, 09/04/2015 - 10:04

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Thu, 04/09/2015

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Mongolia National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC)

NRSC is a research institute under the Meteorological Agency of Mongolia. They operate the satellite data storage system for MODIS, NOAA and FY satellites.

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Mongolia Research Center for Astronomy and Geophysics (RCAG)

RCAG is an academic institute focusing on Earthquake

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Mongolia Information and Early Warning Center of Ulaanbaatar (IEWCU)

IEWCU was established in 2010 to manage emergency calls for the whole UB city including emergency (call 101-105), ambulance (call 103) and police (call 102). The emergency services focus mainly on fire hazards and other operations for saving lives.

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Mongolia National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)

Based on the Parliament law of Mongolia on

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United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Mongolia

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN’s global development network, working in 177 countries and territories. UNDP opened its representative office in Ulaanbaatar in 1973 after more than a decade of successful cooperation with Mongolia. Ever since, UNDP has worked for equitable and sustainable development for the benefit of all Mongolians.

More information: http://www.mn.undp.org/content/mongolia/en/home.html

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Mongolia - Technical Advisory Mission

At the request of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Government of Mongolia, UN-SPIDER supported NEMA and stakeholders organisations in strengthening disaster risk management and emergency response by effective use of space based information including data sharing, National Spatial Data Infrastructure, policy level interventions and capacity.

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Dates: 

Mon, 11/08/2014 to Fri, 15/08/2014

Host Institution: 

National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)

Mission Team: 

The team of seven experts, under leadership of the UN-SPIDER, visited Mongolia from 11-15 August 2014. The mission team represented following organisations: UN-SPIDER/UNOOSA, National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC), University of Georgia, Airbus Defence and Space, Asia Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) and Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO). Some of these organisations are already engaged with organisations in Mongolia in the area of disaster management and space technology.

Mission Profile: 

During this five-day mission, the mission team visited seven Ministries and Government agencies and three United Nations offices to carry out in-depth discussions. On 15 August, the Workshop “Use of Space Technology in Disaster Risk Management” was organized. About 40 officials representing various ministries/departments, institutions, and academia attended the workshop. The workshop generated awareness among a larger group of stakeholders in Mongolia, and sought their inputs on current challenges in using space-based information in disaster management.

Mission Findings: 

  • Mongolia has invested heavily in Earthquake Early Warning Systems and needs to strengthen its’ efforts towards disaster risk reduction as well as to be equipped with adequate capacity, skills and infrastructures;
  • Local government agencies are heavily involved in emergency response activities;
  • The laws, policies and plans related to disaster management are well thought out and entrusts the apex agency for emergency response and disaster risk reduction;
  • Government is focusing on disaster risk reduction to reduce losses due to disasters;
  • Many organizations are implementing several projects with national and international partners using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) technologies;
  • There are a few good examples of agencies using RS/GIS but they are based mainly on coarse resolution satellite images.

Mission Recommendations: 

Policy and Coordination

  • Geo-spatial data policy should be formulation and implementation, as well as the NSDI initiative at the provisions in existing law and policy;
  • Space-technology usage for disaster protection activities should be considered in the State Policy on Disaster Protection;
  • Geospatial agencies should focus on using spatial data and remote sensing for disaster risk reduction and response;
  • An effective data sharing policy should be formulized before the satellite launched

Data access, availability and sharing

  • Data requirements and coordination should be clearly addressed in the procedure of emergency response;
  • Promote the data sharing platform and mechanism at national level and local level;
  • Take advantage of International/regional mechanism for data access among key agencies in Mongolia

Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening

  • Building capacity to use remote sensing data and data products among stakeholder organizations in Mongolia;
  • Data providing agencies may require an upgrading of their skills and staff needs additional training on server based technologies;
  • Sentinel Asia facilities needs a team of remote sensing/GIS Experts;
  • Assessing the availability and accessibility of international space-based information is recommended.

Strengthening DRR Decision making

  • DRR decision making calls for balanced effort to address issues with respect to stages of disaster management and related activities should be further linked to climate change issues involving space based information ;
  • Long term analysis should be conducted on a regular basis;
  • More detailed hazard assessments maps are needed for operational purposes;
  • Mechanisms should be established for allowing for rapid data sharing with minimal administrative action;

Strengthening early warning and preparedness

  • Risk prone areas should be identified for better preparedness and remote sensing should be incorporated into early warning and preparedness activities;
  • Existing ground based infrastructure for early warning should be complemented with extended remote sensing programmes;
  • GIS based information systems need to link to remote sensing data portals at provincial offices;
  • Satellite based drought early warning information should be seen as a priority.

Strengthening emergency response

  • Increased capacity is needed for managing other international mechanisms;
  • Key stakeholder agencies should discuss ways to get the right information products suitable for large scale disaster response;
  • Spatial information products should be accurately expressed that expected to receive from other institutions and enhance GIS facilities with high resolution images and large scale;
  • Technical agencies should consider seconding their staff to coordination organization during an emergency.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Country Office Mongolia

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund , is the UN agency delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled. In Mongolia, UNFPA supports the government in the use of population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every birth is safe and wanted.

 

More information: http://countryoffice.unfpa.org/mongolia/

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Mongolia Information Technology, Post and Telecommunication Authority (ITPTA)

ITPTA is a policy making body of the government of Mongolia responsible for communication and early warning systems. They established an Earthquake

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Mongolia National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring (NEMHEM)

NAMHEM’s main activity is weather forecasting. The agency receives data from the National Center for Remote Sensing and FY-2 satellites from China. There are 21 provincial offices; each province has a NAMHEM bureau. The information is centralized at NAMHEM and dispatched to other offices.

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