According to researchers from Peking University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, lakes in the Mongolian Plateau are shrinking rapidly. After analysing several decades of satellite imagery, the researchers found that the total lake surface area had declined from 4,160 square kilometers in the late 1980s to 2,900 square kilometers in 2010, a decrease of 30 percent.
IEWCU was established in 2010 to manage emergency calls for the whole UB city including emergency (call 101-105), ambulance (call 103) and police (call 102). The emergency services focus mainly on fire hazards and other operations for saving lives.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN’s global development network, working in 177 countries and territories. UNDP opened its representative office in Ulaanbaatar in 1973 after more than a decade of successful cooperation with Mongolia. Ever since, UNDP has worked for equitable and sustainable development for the benefit of all Mongolians.
At the request of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Government of Mongolia, UN-SPIDER supported NEMA and stakeholders organisations in strengthening disaster risk management and emergency response by effective use of space based information including data sharing, National Spatial Data Infrastructure, policy level interventions and capacity.
The team of seven experts, under leadership of the UN-SPIDER, visited Mongolia from 11-15 August 2014. The mission team represented following organisations: UN-SPIDER/UNOOSA, National Disaster Reduction Center of China (NDRCC), University of Georgia, Airbus Defence and Space, Asia Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) and Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO). Some of these organisations are already engaged with organisations in Mongolia in the area of disaster management and space technology.
During this five-day mission, the mission team visited seven Ministries and Government agencies and three United Nations offices to carry out in-depth discussions. On 15 August, the Workshop “Use of Space Technology in Disaster Risk Management” was organized. About 40 officials representing various ministries/departments, institutions, and academia attended the workshop. The workshop generated awareness among a larger group of stakeholders in Mongolia, and sought their inputs on current challenges in using space-based information in disaster management.
Mongolia has invested heavily in Earthquake Early Warning Systems and needs to strengthen its’ efforts towards disaster risk reduction as well as to be equipped with adequate capacity, skills and infrastructures;
DRR decision making calls for balanced effort to address issues with respect to stages of disaster management and related activities should be further linked to climate change issues involving space based information ;
Long term analysis should be conducted on a regular basis;
More detailed hazard assessments maps are needed for operational purposes;
Mechanisms should be established for allowing for rapid data sharing with minimal administrative action;
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund , is the UN agency delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled. In Mongolia, UNFPA supports the government in the use of population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every birth is safe and wanted.
NAMHEM’s main activity is weather forecasting. The agency receives data from the National Center for Remote Sensing and FY-2 satellites from China. There are 21 provincial offices; each province has a NAMHEM bureau. The information is centralized at NAMHEM and dispatched to other offices.