A study carried out by the University of Leicester has shown the amount of rainfall many African areas receive has drastically changed in the last ten years. It is an essential factor for vegetation, which plays a vital role in African livelihoods.
On 23 February 2013, the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters" was activated to provide satellite imagery and maps for responders to Cyclone Haruna. Haruna had had struck southwest Madagascar on Friday 22 February 2013. The Cyclone had made landfall as a Category 2 storm with wind speeds of up to 105 mph.
Within the project “Providing Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technical support for Disaster Risk Reduction programs implemented by DIPECHO partners in the South East African and South West Indian Ocean region”, UN-SPIDER, together with the Italian-based NGO Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) and the Geoinformatic Centre from the University of Salzburg (Z-GIS) carried out a mission to Antananarivo, Madagascar in November 2010 with the aim of conducting a national seminar.
Tue, 09/11/2010 to Thu, 11/11/2010
Jörg Szarzynski, UN-SPIDER
The mission included a national seminar that provided a general overview regarding space-based information, UN-SPIDER’s role and existing international mechanisms such as the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters. The seminar focused on practical application of GIS and EO tools to address disasterpreparedness and response planning. The national seminar brought together delegations from Madagascar and the Comores Island. Participants represented government institutions (National Bureau for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC), Bureau for Prevention and Emergency Response (CPGU), The Emergency Operations Center of the Civil Protection (COSEP), the Geographic and Hydrographic National Institute (FTM), and the National Meteorology Department of Madagascar), NGOs (COOPI, CARE, MDM, Medair, ICCO, RTM), the European Union, GTZ and various organizations of the United Nations.
The mission allowed UN-SPIDER to become aware of the technical capacity available in Madagascar and the Comores Island in the areas of disaster-risk management and emergencyresponse. Representatives of these ministries, institutions and NGOs were made aware of the UN-SPIDER programme and its activities, of potential areas where space-based technology and information could play a greater role and on the type of support that the International Charter: Space and Major Disasters can provide.
International financial institutions (IFI) provide financial support and professional advice for development activities on local and regional scales in developing countries. Their activities are generally organised in dedicated projects financed by long-term loans or grants covering social and economical development aspects in a wide range of fields. For certain fields, EO (
Cyclone Hubert hit the south eastern coast of Madagascar. Heavy rainfall is causing floods, leaving 28.000 affected families and 40 deads. 7 districts are victims: 1 in the middle-east and 6 in the south-east. More than 500 houses are completely destroyed. 2 districts among these 7 experienced now chikungunya outbreak. There is high risk of spread because of floods and stagnant water.
The eastern coast of Madagascar experiences malaria throughout the year. The Institute Pasteur Laboratory has confirmed the diagnosis of Chikungunia on February 8th. Patients suffer from high fever and asthenia which keeps them bedridden for 2-3 days and thus affects schools and local and national economies.