The Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission (EC) established in 1998 an expert group to develop and implement advance methods for the evaluation of forest fire danger and mapping vulnerable areas in Europe. In 2000, the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) became operational.
The Humanitarian Aid department of the European Commission (ECHO) was established in 1992 and works in the area of emergency assistance and relief to the victims of natural disasters or armed conflict outside the European Union. ECHO concentrates its efforts on the funding of humanitarian aid.
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is a research based policy support organisation and an integral part of the European Commission. The JRC is providing the scientific advice and technical know-how to support a wide range of EU policies. Our status as a Commission service, which guarantees our independence from private or national interests, is crucial for pursuing our mission. The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies.
CRED promotes research, training, and information dissemination on disasters. It aims to enhance the effectiveness of developing countries' disaster management capabilities; as well as fostering policy-oriented research. The main objective of the EM-DAT is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels.